Q&A: Risking It When Investing
Q: My wife is a risk taker and wants to invest in things that aren't really in my comfort zone. I know it's generally considered better to invest where returns are higher, but that also means a higher risk! Is there some sort of middle ground?
A: It's great that you're thinking this through. Many couples face the same question, and while the simplest solution might be to split your funds down the middle and invest as you each see fit, that's not likely to bring peace or wealth into the relationship. In a marriage, for one thing, whether accounts are titled separately or jointly, they are considered marital assets (even 401Ks). And a healthy relationship depends on working jointly toward financial goals, not going it alone.
One of the most difficult issues for couples to resolve is how much risk they're willing to take with their investments. According to Fidelity's 2015 Couples Retirement Study, 47 percent of couples disagree about how much money they'll need to maintain their lifestyle in their later years. Even more troubling, a Harris survey found that 33 percent of couples weren't saving anything for their retirement years. And, of those who were, one in five said they were clueless about how much their partner was contributing to their accounts.
Some tips if you're starting down the investment road together:
As in so many areas of a relationship, communication is key. Let your spouse or partner know you're willing to research options together and come up with a plan. Erica Coogan, partner at Moss Adams Wealth Advisors in Seattle, recommends that each partner complete a risk assessment questionnaire and then compare answers. "It makes a subjective conversation a little more objective," she says.
Remember that planning needs to cover both spouses, not just a breadwinner. Experts advise couples to be mindful of the "It's my money because I worked for it" syndrome. Couples need to work together on a plan for investing (and spending) their money, no matter who earns it. Apart from any resentment, an uneven divide in the ownership of assets can make a mess of cash flow, estate planning and taxes.
Consider transparency. Wherever you stand on risk, consider selecting some investments that are, by nature, transparent. This includes individual stocks, bonds and exchange-traded funds. You can also reduce risk by diversifying your portfolio across asset classes. Ask a financial advisor at your credit union for help in untangling the strands of modern-day investing.
Think about your time horizon. Allowing an investment to compound leads to much better returns. So, if you're the more risk-averse half of a couple, and you'll need your money within 10 years, say with confidence to your partner: Slow down. Remember that it doesn't make intuitive sense (but is nevertheless true) that your money doubles in seven years if you earn a compounded annual return of 10%. Don't let a little fumbled math lead to a rash or risky decision.
Keep the goalposts in sight. Your mutual goals will determine how, and how much, the two of you should invest. For instance, when do you want to retire? Do you plan to pay for your kid's college expenses? Purchase a home (or a second home)? Start a business?
Finances are one of the leading causes of separation. The more ownership and open communication a couple has over this potentially rocky topic, the less likely it is that they'll panic when there's a ripple in their plans or something happens in the markets.
For questions and advice specific to your particular situation, contact a wealth management professional.
Your Turn: Do you and your spouse or partner disagree about investments? Let us know how you've smoothed that potentially rocky road and headed for a secure sunset.